Central and peripheral nervous system control and create communication between human physical functions and emotional reactions. When the central nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord, the peripheral nervous system consists of sensory nerves placed in muscles and limbs. A fine line of communication gap between these two nervous systems causes muscle weakness, gaps in muscle and brain coordination, and impairment in different parts of the body. And gradual increment in muscle weakness and body balance leads to paralysis.
The good news is, a complete session of physiotherapy treatment help patients get rid of partial and/or full paralysis. There is only one condition, hire an experienced physiotherapist and continue the process according to the severity of paralysis.
What is One Side Paralysis called?
A patient may suffer from full-body paralysis or partial or one side paralysis for many reasons. According to the type of paralysis, a physiotherapist will plan the physiotherapy session. Even, the recovery rate and time will count on the severity of the paralysis. Today, we would discuss one-side paralysis which is also known as Hemiplegia. Hemiplegia affects one arm and one leg on the same side of the patient’s body.
Why does Hemiplegia happen?
There is no absolute cause that leads to Hemiplegia. However, most people consider partial/one-side paralysis as a result of a stroke. But, there can be many reasons that end up with such paralysis. These are,
- Severe injury on the spinal cord
- Injury to head
- Multiple sclerosis
- Motor neuron disease
- Spina Bifida
- Brain Tumor/Infection
Even, genetics can cause paralysis on one-side in a patient. Paralysis due to genetics is a very rare experience.
Physiotherapy for One-Side Paralysis (Hemiplegia)
Physiotherapy for one-sided paralysis focuses on improving the mobility and independence of patients with different types of everyday tasks. Additionally, the sessions of physiotherapy include,
- Light to intense exercises to reinforce weak muscles and limbs in the legs and trunk
- Various muscle stretches to decrease muscle aches and stiffness.
- Stretches to reduce and prevent contractures in soft tissues.
- Full Gait training with the use of motion aids like a walking frame or crutches.
- Physical therapy to improve body balance and coordination.
- Exercises to regain movement and balance to walk, sleep on the bed, sit and stand without anyone’s help.
- Passive exercises to improve stamina and lessen fatigue.
- Regaining the postures and strength in lying sitting plus standing to increase the level of comfort
- Physical therapy uses orthotic devices as well as walking supports.
Sometimes, physiotherapists recommend Hydrotherapy to bring back the strength and mobility in weak muscles and release stiffness from muscles.
On a Closing Note,
Whether it is facial, spinal, spastic, or contralateral hemiplegia, contact the best physiotherapist near your location. Kamalika, one of the best physiotherapist in Kolkata has served many cases with a 99% recovery rate to date. Call her if you need help today!